Localization of melanoma with radiolabelled monoclonal antibody fragments and iodoamphetamine

Eur J Nucl Med. 1986;12(7):359-62. doi: 10.1007/BF00263821.


In two melanoma patients, metastases accumulated both 99mTc-labelled monoclonal anti-tumor F(ab')2 fragments and N-isopropyl-p-(123I)-iodoamphetamine. Small metastatic deposits were localized only by labelled antibody, for which a higher target-to-nontarget ratio was observed than for radioiodoamphetamine, indicating that immunoscintigraphy may be the more sensitive method. In these two patients positive immunohistochemical staining for the antibody used was observed, whereas in a third patient, with no concentration of labelled antibody, the staining result was negative showing the specificity of the immunoscintigraphy findings. It is possible that the accumulation of radio-iodoamphetamine is due to binding to melanin but this is not certain as tissue samples from one of the two patients with positive scintigrams did not contain stainable melanin.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amphetamines*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes*
  • Iofetamine
  • Male
  • Melanoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Melanoma / secondary
  • Middle Aged
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Skin Neoplasms


  • Amphetamines
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Iofetamine