Sustainable energy conversion and effective biosynthesis for value-added chemicals have attracted considerable attention, but most biosynthesis systems cannot work independently without external power. In this work, a self-powered biohybrid system based on organic materials is designed and constructed successfully by integrating electroactive microorganisms with electrochemical devices. Among them, the hybrid living materials based on S. oneidensis/poly[3-(3'-N,N,N-triethylamino-1'-propyloxy)-4-methyl-2,5-thiophene chloride] (PMNT) biofilms for microbial fuel cells played a crucial role in electrocatalytic biocurrent generation by using biowaste as the only energy source. Without any external power supplies, the self-powered biohybrid systems could generate, convert, and store electrical energy for effective photosynthetic regulation and sustained chemical production. This work provides a new strategy to combine comprehensive renewable energy production with chemical manufacturing without an external power source in the future.
Keywords: CO2 fixation; biohybrid systems; photosynthetic regulation; self-powered systems; sustained chemical production.