Evidence of changes in renal charge selectivity in patients with type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus

Diabetologia. 1986 Sep;29(9):634-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00869262.

Abstract

Altered filtration of macromolecules due to decreased electrical charge of the glomerular basement membrane might be the initial step in the development of albuminuria in patients with Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. We therefore investigated the selectivity index, i.e. renal clearance of non-glycated plasma albumin/clearance of glycated plasma albumin in 38 patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus. The two albumin molecules differed slightly in charge, non-enzymatic glycated albumin being more anionic at physiological pH compared with unmodified plasma albumin. Glycated albumin in plasma and urine was determined by a specific, sensitive and highly reproducible chromatographic procedure. In diabetic patients with normal urinary albumin excretion, the selectivity index was increased three-fold compared with that of non-diabetic subjects (2 p less than 0.01). A significant correlation (r = 0.53, 2 p less than 0.01) between haemoglobin A1c and selectivity index was demonstrated in these patients, indicating a change in charge-dependent renal filtration could possibly be attributed to non-enzymatic glycation of components in the glomerular basement membrane and tubuli. Diabetic patients with increased albumin excretion rate had a significantly lower selectivity index compared with patients with normal albumin excretion (2 p less than 0.01). A significant negative correlation (r = 0.85, 2 p less than 0.001, exponential curve fit) was seen between urinary albumin excretion and selectivity index in the diabetic patients, indicating that the capability of differentiating between macromolecules of different charges is again lost with increasing urinary albumin excretion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Albuminuria / physiopathology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / urine
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Serum Albumin / metabolism*

Substances

  • Serum Albumin
  • glycosylated serum albumin