Comparison of the translucency parameters and bond strength of 5Y-ZP zirconia, 3-YTZP zirconia, and lithium disilicate

Niger J Clin Pract. 2023 Oct;26(10):1491-1497. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_91_23.


Background: E-max is a more aesthetic material than traditional zirconia. In addition, the bond strength of traditional zirconia with adhesive cements is lower. There are not enough studies on how the aesthetic values and bond strength of 5-YZP, the new generation zirconia, compare to e-max and traditional zirconia. Can 5-YZP be an alternative to e-max in terms of aesthetics and bond strength?

Aim: The aim of the study is to compare the translucency property and bonding ability of 5y-zp zirconias with previous generation zirconias and lithium disilicate.

Materials and methods: Two types of zirconia Katana UT and Katana HT for measuring translucency values; and using a type of lithium disilicate IPS e.max CAD LT, three groups were formed (n = 10). Translucency specimens were fabricated (n = 10). Their L*a*b* values were measured against a black-and-white background with a spectrophotometer, and DE00 was calculated. To perform micro-shear tests, a cylinder design was made from zirconia and IPS e.max CAD blocks (n = 20). After the samples were aged by thermal cycle, the micro-shear test was applied to specimens cemented to teeth extracted with two different adhesive cement systems.

Results: According to the results of one-way analysis of variance, a statistically significant difference was found between the translucency parameter (TP) values of the groups. According to Tukey's honestly significant difference (HSD) multiple comparisons, the values of the three groups are statistically different from each other. Although IPS e.max CAD group has the highest TP values, the Katana HT group has the lowest values.

Conclusion: 5Y-PZ has a TP intermediate to those of 3Y-TZP and lithium disilicate. Long-term bond strength of 3Y-TZP and 5Y-ZP were similar to those of lithium disilicate. To be an alternative to glass ceramics in the anterior region, translucency and bond strength values need to be improved.

Keywords: Lithium disilicate; micro-shear bond strength; zirconia.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Humans
  • Materials Testing
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Zirconium* / chemistry


  • lithia disilicate
  • zirconium oxide
  • Zirconium