Endovascular treatment of postoperative hemorrhage after pancreatectomy: a retrospective study

BMC Gastroenterol. 2023 Nov 7;23(1):379. doi: 10.1186/s12876-023-03022-9.


Background: Ruptured aneurysm is a serious complication of distal pancreatectomy (DP) or pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) that can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. This study aimed to examine the efficacy of a Viabahn stent graft for stopping bleeding after pancreatectomy.

Methods: Between April 2016 and June 2022, we performed 245 pancreatectomies in our institution. Six patients experienced postoperative bleeding and underwent endovascular treatment.

Results: All six cases of bleeding occurred post-PD (3.7%). The bleeding was from gastroduodenal artery (GDA) pseudoaneurysms in three patients, and Viabahn stent grafts were inserted. All three patients did not show liver function abnormalities or hepatic blood flow disorders. One patient with a Viabahn stent graft experienced rebleeding, which required further management to obtain hemostasis. Of the six cases in which there was hemorrhage, one case of bleeding from the native hepatic artery could not be managed.

Conclusions: Using the Viabahn stent graft is an effective treatment option for postoperative bleeding from GDA pseudoaneurysms following PD. In most cases, using this device resulted in successful hemostasis, without observed abnormalities in hepatic function or blood flow.

Keywords: Gastroduodenal artery bleeding; Pancreaticoduodenectomy; Pseudoaneurysm; Viabahn stent graft.

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm, False / etiology
  • Aneurysm, False / surgery
  • Endovascular Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Pancreatectomy / adverse effects
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy / adverse effects
  • Postoperative Hemorrhage* / etiology
  • Postoperative Hemorrhage* / therapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents
  • Treatment Outcome