Intrinsic Subtype and Overall Survival of Patients with Advanced HR+/HER2- Breast Cancer Treated with Ribociclib and ET: Correlative Analysis of MONALEESA-2, -3, -7

Clin Cancer Res. 2024 Feb 16;30(4):793-802. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-23-0561.


Purpose: The MONALEESA-2, -3, -7 trials demonstrated statistically significant and clinically meaningful progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) benefits with ribociclib plus endocrine therapy (ET) versus ET alone in hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC). Understanding the association of intrinsic subtypes with survival outcomes could potentially guide treatment decisions. Here, we evaluated the association of intrinsic subtypes with OS in MONALEESA-2, -3, -7.

Experimental design: Tumor samples from MONALEESA-2, -3, -7 underwent PAM50-based subtyping. The relationship between subtypes and OS was assessed using univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Multivariable models were adjusted for clinical prognostic factors.

Results: Overall, 990 tumors (among 2,066 patients) from ribociclib (n = 580) and placebo (n = 410) arms were profiled. Subtype distribution was luminal A, 54.5%; luminal B, 28.0%; HER2-enriched (HER2E) 14.6%; and basal-like, 2.8%; and was consistent across treatment arms. The luminal A subtype had the best OS outcomes in both arms, while basal-like had the worst. Patients with HER2E (HR, 0.60; P = 0.018), luminal B (HR, 0.69; P = 0.023), and luminal A (HR, 0.75; P = 0.021) subtypes derived OS benefit with ribociclib. Patients with basal-like subtype did not derive benefit from ribociclib (HR, 1.92; P = 0.137); however, patient numbers were small (n = 28).

Conclusions: The prognostic value of intrinsic subtypes for OS was confirmed in this pooled analysis of the MONALEESA trials (largest dataset in HR+/HER2- ABC). While basal-like subtype did not benefit, a consistent OS benefit was observed with ribociclib added to ET across luminal and HER2E subtypes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminopyridines
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Breast Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Letrozole
  • Purines
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / genetics
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / therapeutic use


  • ribociclib
  • Letrozole
  • Aminopyridines
  • Receptor, ErbB-2
  • Purines