Effect of 4-weeks exercise program using wearable hip-assist robot (EX1) in older adults: one group pre- and post- test

BMC Geriatr. 2023 Nov 8;23(1):724. doi: 10.1186/s12877-023-04423-x.


Background: Older adults have muscle loss and are at risk of falling. Recently, research in the healthcare field has been actively conducted, and Samsung Electronics has developed EX1, a hip joint assisted robot for exercise. This study aimed to verify the effect of a 4-week combined exercise program applying EX1 on older adults.

Methods: This study design was an evaluator-blinded, pre- and post-test. A total of 21 older adults performed an exercise program consisting of walking and fitness wearing EX1 for 50 min per session, 3 days a week during the 4-week exercise period. For comparison before and after participating in the exercise program, the spatio-temporal parameters, pelvic movement were analyzed by G-Walk, functional outcomes were evaluated by TUG, muscle power were evaluated by RUSI, and waist-hip ratio were analyzed by Inbody. All data were analyzed before and after exercise using paired t-test, and the statistical significance level was set at 0.05.

Results: In spatio-temporal parameters, stride length showed statistically significant improvements after exercise with EX1 (P < 0.01). Also, propulsion showed statistically significant improvements after exercise with EX1 (P < 0.01) Regarding changes of the gait posture, there was a statistically significant improvement in pelvic movement (P < 0.05). In the functional evaluation, the time required was statistically significantly reduced in the timed up and go test (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: These results demonstrate that a 4-week exercise program with EX1 was effective in improving the functional gait of the elderly. However, because the participants were 21, it is difficult to generalize the results.

Trial registration: Clinical Research Information Service, KCT0007367. Registered 08/06/2022.

Keywords: Aged; Exercise; Robotics; Wearable electronic devices.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Exercise Therapy / methods
  • Gait / physiology
  • Humans
  • Postural Balance / physiology
  • Robotics*
  • Time and Motion Studies
  • Wearable Electronic Devices*