The ellagitannins vescalagin and vescalin, known as actin-dependent inhibitors of osteoclastic bone resorption, were mounted onto chemical probes to explore their interactions with bone cell proteins by means of affinity-based chemoproteomics and bioinformatics. The chemical reactivity of the pyrogallol units of these polyphenols toward oxidation into electrophilic ortho-quinones was exploited using NaIO4 to promote the covalent capture of target proteins, notably those expressed at lower abundance and those interacting with polyphenols at low-to-moderate levels of affinity. Different assays revealed the multitarget nature of both ellagitannins, with 100-370 statistically significant proteins captured by their corresponding probes. A much higher number of proteins were captured from osteoclasts than from osteoblasts. Bioinformatic analyses unveiled a preference for the capture of proteins having phosphorylated ligands and GTPase regulators and enabled the identification of 33 potential target proteins with systemic relevance to osteoclast differentiation and activity, as well as to the regulation of actin dynamics.