Objective: To describe the imaging features of primary intraosseous meningiomas (PIMs) to aid an accurate diagnosis.
Methods: Clinical materials and radiological data for 9 patients with pathologically confirmed PIMs were reviewed comprehensively.
Results: Most lesions involved inner and outer plates of the calvaria and all were relatively well circumscribed. Upon computed tomography, portions of the solid neoplasm were hyperattenuated or isoattenuated. Hyperostosis was found in many lesions, but calcification was seen rarely. On magnetic resonance imaging, most neoplasms were hypointense on T1-weighted images, hyperintense on T2-weighted images, and heterogeneous on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images. In most cases, the soft tissue of neoplasms showed hyperintense on diffusion-weighted imaging and hypointense on apparent diffusion coefficient. All lesions were obviously enhanced after gadolinium administration. Each patient accepted surgical treatment and recurrence was not observed during follow-up.
Conclusions: Primary intraosseous meningiomas are very rare tumors that occur usually in later life. They are well-defined and tend to involve the inner and outer plates of the calvaria, with a classic appearance of hyperostosis on computed tomography. Primary intraosseous meningiomas display hypointense on T1-weighted images, hyperintense on T2-weighted images, and hyperattenuated or isoattenuated on computed tomography. Hyperintense on diffusion-weighted imaging, hypointense on apparent diffusion coefficient can also be found. Obvious enhancement supplied additional information for an accurate diagnosis. A neoplasm with these features should raise the suspicion of a PIM.
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