ncRNADrug: a database for validated and predicted ncRNAs associated with drug resistance and targeted by drugs

Nucleic Acids Res. 2024 Jan 5;52(D1):D1393-D1399. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkad1042.


Drug resistance is a major barrier in cancer treatment and anticancer drug development. Growing evidence indicates that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), especially microRNAs (miRNAs), long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs), play pivotal roles in cancer progression, therapy, and drug resistance. Furthermore, ncRNAs have been proven to be promising novel therapeutic targets for cancer treatment. Reversing dysregulated ncRNAs by drugs holds significant potential as an effective therapeutic strategy for overcoming drug resistance. Therefore, we developed ncRNADrug, an integrated and comprehensive resource that records manually curated and computationally predicted ncRNAs associated with drug resistance, ncRNAs targeted by drugs, as well as potential drug combinations for the treatment of resistant cancer. Currently, ncRNADrug collects 29 551 experimentally validated entries involving 9195 ncRNAs (2248 miRNAs, 4145 lncRNAs and 2802 circRNAs) associated with the drug resistance of 266 drugs, and 32 969 entries involving 10 480 ncRNAs (4338 miRNAs, 6087 lncRNAs and 55 circRNAs) targeted by 965 drugs. In addition, ncRNADrug also contains associations between ncRNAs and drugs predicted from ncRNA expression profiles by differential expression analysis. Altogether, ncRNADrug surpasses the existing related databases in both data volume and functionality. It will be a useful resource for drug development and cancer treatment. ncRNADrug is available at

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Factual
  • Drug Resistance
  • Humans
  • MicroRNAs* / genetics
  • MicroRNAs* / metabolism
  • Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Neoplasms* / genetics
  • RNA, Circular / genetics
  • RNA, Circular / metabolism
  • RNA, Long Noncoding* / genetics
  • RNA, Long Noncoding* / metabolism
  • RNA, Untranslated / genetics
  • RNA, Untranslated / metabolism


  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Circular
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Untranslated