An immunoinformatics assessment of the cancer testis antigen, DDX53, as a potential early esophageal cancer antigen

Oncoscience. 2023 Nov 10:10:59-66. doi: 10.18632/oncoscience.590. eCollection 2023.

Abstract

T-lymphocytes have been implicated in facilitating a pro-inflammatory, pro-tumorigenic microenvironment that worsens prognosis for esophageal carcinoma (ESCA). In this study, we identified tumor resident, T-cell receptor (TCR) complementarity determining region-3 (CDR3) amino acid sequences and employed an algorithm particularly suited to the big data setting to evaluate TCR CDR3-cancer testis antigen (CTA) chemical complementarities. Chemical complementarity of the ESCA TCR CDR3s and the cancer testis antigen DDX53 represented a disease-free survival (DFS) distinction, whereby the upper fiftieth percentile complementarity group correlated with worse DFS. The high TCR CDR3-DDX53 complementarity group also represented a greater proportion of tumor samples lacking DDX53 expression. These data and analyses raise the question of whether the TCR CDR3-DDX53 chemical complementarity assessment detected an ESCA immune response that selected for DDX53-negative cells?

Keywords: adaptive immune receptor recombinations; cancer testis antigens; complementarity determining region-3; esophageal cancer survival rates.