Stress, epigenetics, and aging: Unraveling the intricate crosstalk

Mol Cell. 2024 Jan 4;84(1):34-54. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2023.10.006. Epub 2023 Nov 13.


Aging, as a complex process involving multiple cellular and molecular pathways, is known to be exacerbated by various stresses. Because responses to these stresses, such as oxidative stress and genotoxic stress, are known to interplay with the epigenome and thereby contribute to the development of age-related diseases, investigations into how such epigenetic mechanisms alter gene expression and maintenance of cellular homeostasis is an active research area. In this review, we highlight recent studies investigating the intricate relationship between stress and aging, including its underlying epigenetic basis; describe different types of stresses that originate from both internal and external stimuli; and discuss potential interventions aimed at alleviating stress and restoring epigenetic patterns to combat aging or age-related diseases. Additionally, we address the challenges currently limiting advancement in this burgeoning field.

Keywords: aging; epigenetic; stress.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • DNA Methylation*
  • Epigenesis, Genetic*
  • Epigenome
  • Oxidative Stress