Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 145 (11-12), 564-6

The Natural History of Sensitivity to Jack Jumper Ants (Hymenoptera Formicidae Myrmecia Pilosula) in Tasmania

  • PMID: 3796365

The Natural History of Sensitivity to Jack Jumper Ants (Hymenoptera Formicidae Myrmecia Pilosula) in Tasmania

P S Clarke. Med J Aust.

Abstract

There are no records of the natural history of allergic reactions to "jack jumper ant" (Myrmecia pilosula) stings, but a letter to Tasmanian newspapers asked that persons who had not received prophylactic injections for such stings to report any reactions that they had experienced. Two hundred replies were received from a population of 400,000 persons, which shows that these reactions are widespread and that victims are often terrified at the thought of a further sting. Persons who responded were sent a circular and their reactions were classified. The first 100 replies were analysed: 49 persons reported an immediate generalized reaction from the first sting; 31 of these 49 persons and 18 others had a generalized reaction to further stings; and there was a tendency for local reactions at the sting site to become generalized to the whole body. Of the 15 persons who had had no reaction to a first sting, 12 claimed to have developed a generalized reaction on receiving a subsequent sting. Although self-selection may have provided an exaggerated view of the frequency with which reactions to the stings of jack jumper ants become generalized, the problem is clearly one of considerable magnitude which requires further research and attention.

Similar articles

  • Anaphylaxis to Bull Dog Ant and Jumper Ant Stings Around Perth, Western Australia
    Y Gilhotra et al. Emerg Med Australas 18 (1), 15-22. PMID 16454770.
    A single species of bull dog ant, M. gratiosa, appears to be responsible for ant sting anaphylaxis around Perth. Further investigation is required for other regions of WA …
  • Fatal Anaphylaxis Following Jack Jumper Ant Sting in Southern Tasmania
    SG Brown et al. Med J Aust 175 (11-12), 644-7. PMID 11837875. - Case Reports
    The "jack jumper" ant (Myrmecia pilosula) is a major cause of anaphylaxis in Tasmania. We describe four deaths attributed to stings by this ant between 1980 and 1999. All …
  • Insect Sting Allergy With Negative Venom Skin Test Responses
    DB Golden et al. J Allergy Clin Immunol 107 (5), 897-901. PMID 11344359.
    Venom skin test responses can be negative in patients who will subsequently experience another systemic sting reaction. Venom skin test responses are negative in many pat …
  • Diagnosis of Hymenoptera Venom Allergy
    BM Biló et al. Allergy 60 (11), 1339-49. PMID 16197464. - Review
    The purpose of diagnostic procedure is to classify a sting reaction by history, identify the underlying pathogenetic mechanism, and identify the offending insect. Diagnos …
  • Ant Venoms
    DR Hoffman. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 10 (4), 342-6. PMID 20445444. - Review
    Ants share some common proteins in venoms, but each group appears to have a number of possibly unique components. Further proteomic studies should expand and clarify our …
See all similar articles

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback