Tyvaso DPI: Drug-device characteristics and patient clinical considerations

Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2023 Dec:83:102266. doi: 10.1016/j.pupt.2023.102266. Epub 2023 Nov 13.


Tyvaso DPI is a drug-device combination therapy comprised of a small, portable, reusable, breath-powered, dry powder inhaler (DPI) for the delivery of treprostinil. It is approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary hypertension associated with interstitial lung disease. Tyvaso DPI utilizes single-use prefilled cartridges to ensure proper dosing. Unlike nebulizer devices, administration of Tyvaso DPI is passive and does not require coordination with the device. The low-flow rate design results in targeted delivery to the peripheral lungs due to minimal drug loss from impaction in the oropharynx. The inert fumaryl diketopiperazine (FDKP) excipient forms microparticles that carry treprostinil into the airways, with a high fraction of the particles in the respirable range. In a clinical study in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, Tyvaso DPI had similar exposure and pharmacokinetics, low incidence of adverse events, and high patient satisfaction compared with nebulized treprostinil solution. Tyvaso DPI may be considered as a first prostacyclin agent or for those that do not tolerate other prostacyclin formulations, patients with pulmonary comorbidities, patients with mixed Group 1 and Group 3 pulmonary hypertension, or those that prefer an active lifestyle and need a portable, non-invasive treatment. Tyvaso DPI is a patient-preferred, maintenance-free, safe delivery option that may improve patient compliance and adherence.

Keywords: Inhaled; Prostacyclin; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Pulmonary drug delivery; Pulmonary hypertension associated with interstitial lung disease; Treprostinil.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Dry Powder Inhalers
  • Epoprostenol / adverse effects
  • Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary* / drug therapy
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension*


  • treprostinil
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Epoprostenol