The hospital Israelita Albert Einstein standards for constitutional sequence variants classification: version 2023

Hum Genomics. 2023 Nov 16;17(1):102. doi: 10.1186/s40246-023-00549-6.


Background: Next-generation sequencing has had a significant impact on genetic disease diagnosis, but the interpretation of the vast amount of genomic data it generates can be challenging. To address this, the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology have established guidelines for standardized variant interpretation. In this manuscript, we present the updated Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein Standards for Constitutional Sequence Variants Classification, incorporating modifications from leading genetics societies and the ClinGen initiative.

Results: First, we standardized the scientific publications, documents, and other reliable sources for this document to ensure an evidence-based approach. Next, we defined the databases that would provide variant information for the classification process, established the terminology for molecular findings, set standards for disease-gene associations, and determined the nomenclature for classification criteria. Subsequently, we defined the general rules for variant classification and the Bayesian statistical reasoning principles to enhance this process. We also defined bioinformatics standards for automated classification. Our workgroup adhered to gene-specific rules and workflows curated by the ClinGen Variant Curation Expert Panels whenever available. Additionally, a distinct set of specifications for criteria modulation was created for cancer genes, recognizing their unique characteristics.

Conclusions: The development of an internal consensus and standards for constitutional sequence variant classification, specifically adapted to the Brazilian population, further contributes to the continuous refinement of variant classification practices. The aim of these efforts from the workgroup is to enhance the reliability and uniformity of variant classification.

Keywords: Brazil; Genetic testing; Genomics; Guideline; Sequence variant; Variant classification.

MeSH terms

  • Bayes Theorem
  • Genetic Testing*
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Genome, Human
  • Humans
  • Mutation
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • United States