2023 American Heart Association and American Academy of Pediatrics Focused Update on Neonatal Resuscitation: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care

Circulation. 2024 Jan 2;149(1):e157-e166. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000001181. Epub 2023 Nov 16.


This 2023 focused update to the neonatal resuscitation guidelines is based on 4 systematic reviews recently completed under the direction of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation Neonatal Life Support Task Force. Systematic reviewers and content experts from this task force performed comprehensive reviews of the scientific literature on umbilical cord management in preterm, late preterm, and term newborn infants, and the optimal devices and interfaces used for administering positive-pressure ventilation during resuscitation of newborn infants. These recommendations provide new guidance on the use of intact umbilical cord milking, device selection for administering positive-pressure ventilation, and an additional primary interface for administering positive-pressure ventilation.

Keywords: AHA Scientific Statements; infant; infant, newborn; intermittent positive-pressure ventilation; laryngeal masks; respiration, artificial; umbilical cord clamping; umbilical cord milking.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • American Heart Association
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation*
  • Child
  • Emergency Medical Services*
  • Emergency Treatment
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Resuscitation
  • United States