Prospective affirmative therapeutics of cannabidiol oil mitigates doxorubicin-induced abnormalities in kidney function, inflammation, and renal tissue changes

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2023 Nov 16. doi: 10.1007/s00210-023-02836-4. Online ahead of print.


Nephropathy is the decline in kidney function. A promising treatment for numerous types of illness is using natural materials as natural chemical compounds. The inquiry was conducted to investigate cannabidiol (CBD) potential for renal syndrome protection. The five equal groups of fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 150 ± 25 g each were designed; group I received distilled water orally, while group II got an intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (18 mg/kg bwt). Group III received CBD (26 mg/kg bwt) orally, while group IV received 1 ml of CBD (26 mg/kg bwt) and group V received trimetazidine (10 mg/kg bwt), in addition to a single intraperitoneal dose of doxorubicin (18 mg/kg bwt) on the 11th day for both groups (IV, V). The administration of CBD (26 mg/kg bwt) led to a noticeable improvement in oxidative stress parameters (SOD and GSH) in rats by significantly lowering enzyme activity (ALT and AST), as well as serum creatinine and urea, IL-6, and MDA, confirming the anti-inflammatory accuracy of CBD linked to significant lowering to IL6R DNA frequency concentration in line with histopathology results. As a result of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capabilities, cannabidiol may have protective quality, and CBD medication could be related to controlling renal problems.

Keywords: Cannabidiol; DNA; Doxorubicin; IL-6; Inflammation; Nephropathy.