Influence of caregivers' psychological well-being on the anxiety and depression of care recipients with dementia

Geriatr Nurs. 2024 Jan-Feb:55:44-51. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2023.10.015. Epub 2023 Nov 15.

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine how caregivers' psychological well-being influences the anxiety or depression of care recipients with dementia. A secondary data analysis was conducted using 666 dyads of older adults with dementia and their caregivers. The odds that care recipients with dementia would experience anxiety increased when caregivers had a negative relationship with care recipients (OR = 1.22, p = 0.042), lower perception of the positive aspects of caregiving (OR = 0.86, p = 0.047), or anxiety (OR = 2.41, p = 0.036). The odds that care recipients with dementia would experience depression increased when caregivers had a greater perception of the negative aspects of caregiving (OR = 1.15, p = 0.023) or anxiety (OR = 2.21, p = 0.045). Since care recipients with dementia and their caregivers spend considerable time together daily, caregivers' psychological well-being can impact care recipients' anxiety and depression.

Keywords: Anxiety; Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia; Caregivers; Cognitive impairment; Depression; Well-being.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Aged
  • Anxiety
  • Caregivers* / psychology
  • Dementia*
  • Humans
  • Psychological Well-Being
  • Stress, Psychological