Nanomaterials-Based Biosensors for COVID-19 Detection-A Review

IEEE Sens J. 2020 Nov 9;21(5):5598-5611. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2020.3036748. eCollection 2021 Mar 1.

Abstract

This review paper discusses the properties of nanomaterials, namely graphene, molybdenum disulfide, carbon nanotubes, and quantum dots for unique sensing applications. Based on the specific analyte to be detected and the functionalization techniques that are employed, some noteworthy sensors that have been developed are discussed. Further, biocompatible sensors fabricated from these materials capable of detecting specific chemical compounds are also highlighted for COVID-19 detection purposes, which can aid in efficient and reliable sensing as well as timely diagnosis.

Keywords: COVID-19; Graphene; biocompatible; quantum dots (QDs); sensors.

Grants and funding

Thisworkwas supported in part by the Delhi Technological University under the scheme “Research project grant to the faculty of DTU” under Grant DTU/IRD/619/2019/2127; and in part by the AICTE under the scheme “Research Promotion Scheme” under Grant 8-123/FDC/RPS(POLICY-1)/2019-2020.