Protein phosphatase 1 regulates core PCP signaling

EMBO Rep. 2023 Dec 6;24(12):e56997. doi: 10.15252/embr.202356997. Epub 2023 Nov 17.


Planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling polarizes epithelial cells within the plane of an epithelium. Core PCP signaling components adopt asymmetric subcellular localizations within cells to both polarize and coordinate polarity between cells. Achieving subcellular asymmetry requires additional effectors, including some mediating post-translational modifications of core components. Identification of such proteins is challenging due to pleiotropy. We used mass spectrometry-based proximity labeling proteomics to identify such regulators in the Drosophila wing. We identified the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase1, Pp1-87B, and show that it regulates core protein polarization. Pp1-87B interacts with the core protein Van Gogh and at least one serine/threonine kinase, Dco/CKIε, that is known to regulate PCP. Pp1-87B modulates Van Gogh subcellular localization and directs its dephosphorylation in vivo. PNUTS, a Pp1 regulatory subunit, also modulates PCP. While the direct substrate(s) of Pp1-87B in control of PCP is not known, our data support the model that cycling between phosphorylated and unphosphorylated forms of one or more core PCP components may regulate acquisition of asymmetry. Finally, our screen serves as a resource for identifying additional regulators of PCP signaling.

Keywords: APEX proximity labeling; Pp1-87B protein phosphatase; Van Gogh; planar cell polarity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Polarity / physiology
  • Drosophila Proteins* / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins* / metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins* / metabolism
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 / genetics
  • Protein Phosphatase 1 / metabolism
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Protein Phosphatase 1
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Pp1-87B protein, Drosophila