This study focused on elucidating the non-covalent interactions between hemp seed globulin (GLB) and two hemp seed phenolic compounds, Cannabisin A (CA) and Cannabisin B (CB), and to explore these interactions on the protein's structure, conformation, and functionality. Fluorescence quenching and thermodynamic analysis revealed that static quenching governed non-covalent interaction processes, with hydrogen bonds and van der Waals forces functioning as major forces. This was further substantiated by molecular docking studies. The binding affinity order was CA > CB, indicating that the specific phenolic compound had a notable impact on the binding affinity. Furthermore, when complexed with CA, Tyr and Trp residues were exposed to a more hydrophilic environment than when complexed with CB. It was noted that the complexation with either CA or CB consistently affects GLB's secondary structure, particle size, and ζ-potential. GLB treated with the phenolic compounds exhibited enhanced ABTS and DPPH scavenging activities and improved digestibility compared to untreated GLB. Furthermore, the non-covalent interactions significantly increased CA's water solubility, highlighting GLB as a promising natural carrier for hydrophobic bioactive components. These findings hold potential implications for enhancing hemp seed protein applications within the food industry by positively influencing its functional properties and bioactivity.
Keywords: Fluorescence quenching; Hemp seed globulin; In vitro simulated digestion; Molecular docking; Phenolic compounds.
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