Insertion of GGMP repeat residues of Plasmodium falciparum Hsp70-1 in the lid of DnaK adversely impacts client recognition

Int J Biol Macromol. 2023 Nov 18:255:128070. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.128070. Online ahead of print.


Although Hsp70 is a conserved molecular chaperone, it exhibits some degree of functional specialisation across species. Features of Hsp70 regulating its functional specialisation remain to be fully established. We previously demonstrated that E. coli Hsp70 (DnaK) exhibits functional features that distinguishes it from PfHsp70-1, a canonical cytosolic Hsp70 of Plasmodium falciparum. One of the defining features of PfHsp70-1 is that it possesses GGMP repeat residues located in its C-terminal lid segment, while DnaK lacks this motif. Previously, we demonstrated that the insertion of GGMP repeat residues of PfHsp70-1 into E. coli DnaK abrogates the chaperone activity of DnaK. However, the role of the GGMP motif in regulating Hsp70 function remains to be fully understood. To explore the function of this motif, we expressed recombinant forms of wild type DnaK and its GGMP insertion motif, DnaK-G and systematically characterised the structure-function features of the two proteins using in silico analysis, biophysical approaches and an in cellulo complementation assay. Our findings demonstrated that the GGMP inserted in DnaK compromised various functional features such as nucleotide binding, allostery, substrate binding affinity and cellular proteome client selectivity. These findings thus, highlight the GGMP motif of Hsp70 as an important functional module.

Keywords: Clients; DnaK; GGMP motif.