Vascular Lesions

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2024 Feb;32(1):13-25. doi: 10.1016/j.fsc.2023.09.003. Epub 2023 Oct 21.


Vascular lesions impact up to 5% of children and range in clinical impact from minor cutaneous aberrations to large masses impacting both form and function. Vascular lesions may be characterized as tumors or malformations. Establishing a clear diagnosis is imperative to understanding the natural history of a vascular lesion and developing a treatment plan. Medical, surgical, intralesional, and laser therapy are all effective and indicated on a case-by-case basis. There are a number of important surgical considerations for operative management of these lesions.

Keywords: Infantile hemangioma; Port wine stain; Propranolol; Pulsed dye laser; Vascular birthmark; Vascular lesion; Vascular malformation; Vascular tumor.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Hemangioma* / diagnosis
  • Hemangioma* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy*
  • Low-Level Light Therapy*
  • Port-Wine Stain* / surgery
  • Skin / pathology