Preferring Lateral Video Endoscopic Inguinal Lymph Node Dissection Over Classic Video Endoscopic Inguinal Lymph Node Dissection in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Penis: Lessons Learnt from Twenty-One Patients at a Single Center

Urol Res Pract. 2023 Nov;49(6):370-375. doi: 10.5152/tud.2023.23097.

Abstract

Objective: Inguinal lymphadenectomy is essential for staging and disease control. Minimally invasive techniques are recently replacing open techniques to reduce complications. We present our experience and lessons learnt from 21 patients who underwent lateral video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (L-VEIL) for penile malignancy.

Methods: All patients above 18 years of age with histopathology-confirmed squamous cell carcinoma penis with stages ≥ T1b and T1a with persistent lymphadenopathy who underwent L-VEIL over a period of 2 years (2020-2022) were included. The data were analyzed on the basis of intraoperative and postoperative complications, lymph node yield, hospital stay, and histopathology report.

Results: Forty-one lower limbs of 21 patients underwent L-VEIL during the abovementioned period. Median age was 52 years. Mean operative time (on 1 side) was 80 minutes. Median lymph node yield per side was 7.2. Intraoperatively, 1 patient had a vascular injury at the saphenofemoral junction, requiring conversion to open. Postoperative complications were superficial surgical site infection (n=4), lymphedema (n=1), and lymphocoele (n=3), one of which was drained by pigtail catheter. One patient required exploration on the second postoperative day because of vascular injury. Average duration of hospital stay was 3 days. The median time of drain removal was 13 days. Histopathology suggested seminoma in 1 patient and mature teratoma in 1 patient; the rest of the patients' reports were negative for malignancy.

Conclusion: The L-VEIL is safe and feasible, and there is a reduction (~30%) in complications; oncological outcomes are also not affected. It has better ergonomics, resulting in ease and comfort for surgeons when compared with classical VEIL.