Exome and genome sequencing to unravel the precise breakpoints of partial trisomy 6q and partial Monosomy 2q

BMC Pediatr. 2023 Nov 22;23(1):586. doi: 10.1186/s12887-023-04368-5.


Background: Patients with complex phenotypes and a chromosomal translocation are particularly challenging, since several potentially pathogenic mechanisms need to be investigated.

Case presentation: Here, we combined exome and genome sequencing techniques to identify the precise breakpoints of heterozygous microduplications in the 6q25.3-q27 region and microdeletions in the 2q37.1-q37.3 region in a proband. The 5-year-old girl exhibited a severe form of congenital cranial dysinnervation disorder (CCDD) in addition to skeletal dysmorphism anomalies and severe intellectual disability. This is the second case affecting chromosomes 2q and 6q. The individual's karyotype showed an unbalanced translocation 46,XX,del(2)t(2;6)(q37.1;q25.3), which was inherited from her unaffected father [46,XY,t(2;6)(q37.1;q25.3)]. We also obtained the precise breakpoints of a de novo heterozygous copy number deletion [del(2)(q37.1q37.3)chr2:g.232963568_24305260del] and a copy number duplication [dup(6)(q25.3q27)chr6:g.158730978_170930050dup]. The parental origin of the observed balanced translocation was not clear because the parents declined genetic testing.

Conclusion: Patients with a 2q37 deletion and 6q25.3 duplication may exhibit severe significant neurological and skeletal dysmorphisms, and the utilization of exome and genome sequencing techniques has the potential to unveil the entire translocation of the CNV and the precise breakpoint.

Keywords: 2q; 6q; Chromosome translocation; Copy number variation; Partial monosomy 2q; Partial trisomy 6q; Structural variations.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple* / genetics
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Exome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Translocation, Genetic
  • Trisomy

Supplementary concepts

  • Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q
  • 6q+ Syndrome, Partial