Postoperative Seizure Prophylaxis in Meningioma Resection: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Diagnostics (Basel). 2023 Nov 9;13(22):3415. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics13223415.


Background: Seizures in the early postoperative period may impair patient recovery and increase the risk of complications. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is any advantage in postoperative seizure prophylaxis following meningioma resection.

Methods: This systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. PUBMED, Web of Science, Embase, Science Direct, and Cochrane were searched for papers until April 2023.

Results: Among nine studies, a total of 3249 patients were evaluated, of which 984 patients received antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). No significant difference was observed in the frequency of seizure events between patients who were treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and those who were not. (RR 1.22, 95% CI 0.66 to 2.40; I2 = 57%). Postoperative seizures occurred in 5% (95% CI: 1% to 9%) within the early time period (<7 days), and 9% (95% CI: 1% to 17%) in the late time period (>7 days), with significant heterogeneity between the studies (I2 = 91% and 97%, respectively). In seizure-naive patients, the rate of postoperative seizures was 2% (95% CI: 0% to 6%) in the early period and increased to 6% (95% CI: 0% to 15%) in the late period. High heterogeneity led to the use of random-effects models in all analyses.

Conclusions: The current evidence does not provide sufficient support for the effectiveness of prophylactic AED medications in preventing postoperative seizures in patients undergoing meningioma resection. This underscores the importance of considering diagnostic criteria and conducting individual patient analysis to guide clinical decision-making in this context.

Keywords: antiepileptic drugs; meningioma; seizure prophylaxis.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.