Dispersion of surface floating plastic marine debris from Indonesian waters using hydrodynamic and trajectory models

Mar Pollut Bull. 2024 Jan:198:115779. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.115779. Epub 2023 Nov 23.


Plastic waste has become the most significant component of marine debris, while research on traces of marine plastic waste related to the condition of Indonesian waters is still limited. Therefore, this study examines the movement patterns of plastic marine debris in Indonesian waters. Simulations were carried out for one year (2013) using the HAMburg Shelf Ocean Model (hydrodynamic model) and Lagrange trajectory. The approach treated the simulated particles as conservative particles floating at sea. Even though the percentage is small (±16 %), Indonesia contributes to transboundary marine debris in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, and the South China Sea due to the influence of the south equatorial currents moving from north and south of Indonesia. Most of the plastic marine debris remains in Indonesian waters (±80-84 %) and moves back and forth due to the influence of the monsoon currents. Therefore, the Java Sea becomes a crossing point and accumulates plastic marine debris.

Keywords: Accumulates; Current; Plastic marine debris; Simulation.

MeSH terms

  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Indonesia
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Plastics*
  • Waste Products / analysis


  • Plastics
  • Waste Products