A-296G variant of THBS1 gene (rs1478605) is associated with a lower frequency of stroke in a Brazilian population with sickle cell anemia

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2024 Jan;33(1):107474. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2023.107474. Epub 2023 Nov 24.


Stroke is a devastating clinical outcome that significantly contributes to the morbidity and mortality of sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients. Despite its advantages in predicting stroke risk, transcranial Doppler screening has limitations that restrict its applicability, highlighting the need for emerging prognostic tools. Thrombospondin-1 plays a crucial role in endothelial injury, platelet adhesion, and nitric oxide metabolism and may be implicated in stroke pathophysiology. Here, we aimed to evaluate the association of THBS1 genetic variations with the occurrence of stroke in SCA patients MATERIALS AND METHODS: By real-time PCR, 512 SCA patients were fully genotyped for THBS1 A-296G (rs1478605) polymorphism RESULTS: THBS1 GG genotype was associated with a lower risk for stroke occurrence [odds ratio (OR): 0.30; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.11-0.78; P = 0.011], although these findings were not consistent with multivariate logistic regression analysis (OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.12 - 4.37; P = 0.736). In agreement, the cumulative incidence of stroke for patients with AG/AA genotypes was higher when compared to the GG genotype (P = 0.018). However, the association was not maintained in the multivariate proportional hazards model (hazard ratio: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.12-3.61; P = 0.643) CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the present study shows that the THBS1 A-296G (rs1478605) polymorphism may be a potential modifier for stroke in SCA.

Keywords: Sickle cell disease; Stroke; THBS1 genotype; Thrombospondin-1; rs1478605.

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Sickle Cell* / complications
  • Anemia, Sickle Cell* / diagnosis
  • Anemia, Sickle Cell* / epidemiology
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Stroke* / diagnosis
  • Stroke* / epidemiology
  • Stroke* / genetics


  • thrombospondin-1, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Brazilian people