Retinopathy of prematurity: review of a five-year period, examination techniques and recommendations for screening

Aust N Z J Ophthalmol. 1986 May;14(2):121-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9071.1986.tb00022.x.


The reported resurgence of retinopathy of prematurity prompted analysis of the prevalence of retinopathy among premature infants born at Christchurch Women's Hospital over a five-year period. Of the 129 surviving very-low-birthweight infants, 65 (50.4%) underwent ocular screening during the review period. Retinopathy was detected in 17.1% (22/129) of surviving infants, or 34% (22/65) of selected infants referred by paediatricians for ocular screening. Five infants had severe or blinding retinopathy and these premature infants were of significantly lower birthweight and born after shorter gestation periods than those found to have no retinopathy. Examination techniques for eyes of premature infants are discussed, and recommendations for screening for retinopathy of prematurity made.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Physical Examination / instrumentation
  • Physical Examination / methods*
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity / diagnosis*