Dashboarding to Monitor Machine-Learning-Based Clinical Decision Support Interventions

Appl Clin Inform. 2024 Jan;15(1):164-169. doi: 10.1055/a-2219-5175. Epub 2023 Nov 29.


Background: Existing monitoring of machine-learning-based clinical decision support (ML-CDS) is focused predominantly on the ML outputs and accuracy thereof. Improving patient care requires not only accurate algorithms but also systems of care that enable the output of these algorithms to drive specific actions by care teams, necessitating expanding their monitoring.

Objectives: In this case report, we describe the creation of a dashboard that allows the intervention development team and operational stakeholders to govern and identify potential issues that may require corrective action by bridging the monitoring gap between model outputs and patient outcomes.

Methods: We used an iterative development process to build a dashboard to monitor the performance of our intervention in the broader context of the care system.

Results: Our investigation of best practices elsewhere, iterative design, and expert consultation led us to anchor our dashboard on alluvial charts and control charts. Both the development process and the dashboard itself illuminated areas to improve the broader intervention.

Conclusion: We propose that monitoring ML-CDS algorithms with regular dashboards that allow both a context-level view of the system and a drilled down view of specific components is a critical part of implementing these algorithms to ensure that these tools function appropriately within the broader care system.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical*
  • Humans
  • Machine Learning
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Research Report