Master statistical analysis plan: attractive targeted sugar bait phase III trials in Kenya, Mali, and Zambia

Trials. 2023 Nov 29;24(1):771. doi: 10.1186/s13063-023-07762-7.


This manuscript is a master statistical analysis plan for each of three-cluster randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy of attractive targeted sugar baits (ATSB) described in an already published protocol. The master SAP contains an overarching plan for all three trials, which can be adapted to trial-specific circumstances. The primary objective of the trials is to evaluate the efficacy of ATSB in the presence of universal vector control coverage with insecticide-treated nets (ITN) or indoor residual spraying (IRS) after two transmission seasons on clinical malaria incidence as compared with universal vector control coverage with ITN or IRS alone. The primary outcome measure is the incidence rate of clinical malaria, assessed in cohorts aged 12 months to less than 15 years (≥ 5 years to 15 years in Mali) during monthly follow-up visits. The primary unadjusted analysis will be conducted on the intention-to-treat analysis population without adjustment for any anticipated confounding variables. The primary outcome will be analyzed using a multi-level model constructed on a generalized linear model framework with a Poisson likelihood and a log link function. Random intercepts will be included for each study cluster and a fixed effect for study-arm. The analyst will be blinded to study arm assignment. Several secondary outcomes will be analyzed, as well as a pooled analysis (individual patient data meta-analysis) across the three trial sites. Additionally, a standard meta-analysis is expected to be conducted using combined data from all sites.

Keywords: Cluster randomized control trial; Malaria; Statistical analysis plan; Vector control.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic
  • Humans
  • Insecticide-Treated Bednets*
  • Insecticides*
  • Kenya
  • Malaria* / epidemiology
  • Mali
  • Mosquito Control / methods
  • Sugars / adverse effects
  • Zambia / epidemiology


  • Sugars
  • Insecticides