Association of recent respiratory illness and influenza with acute myocardial infarction among the Bangladeshi population: A case-control study

Epidemiol Infect. 2023 Nov 30:151:e204. doi: 10.1017/S0950268823001863.


Current evidence suggests that recent acute respiratory infections and seasonal influenza may precipitate acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study examined the potential link between recent clinical respiratory illness (CRI) and influenza, and AMI in Bangladesh. Conducted during the 2018 influenza season at a Dhaka tertiary-level cardiovascular (CV) hospital, it included 150 AMI cases and two control groups: 44 hospitalized cardiac patients without AMI and 90 healthy individuals. Participants were matched by gender and age groups. The study focused on self-reported CRI and laboratory-confirmed influenza ascertained via quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) within the preceding week, analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. Results showed that cases reported CRI, significantly more frequently than healthy controls (27.3% vs. 13.3%, adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 2.21; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05-4.06), although this was not significantly different from all controls (27.3% vs. 22.4%; aOR: 1.19; 95% CI: 0.65-2.18). Influenza rates were insignificantly higher among cases than controls. The study suggests that recent respiratory illnesses may precede AMI onset among Bangladeshi patients. Infection prevention and control practices, as well as the uptake of the influenza vaccine, may be advocated for patients at high risk of acute CV events.

Keywords: acute cardiovascular events; acute myocardial infarction; acute respiratory illness; case–control study; influenza.

MeSH terms

  • Bangladesh / epidemiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Humans
  • Influenza Vaccines* / therapeutic use
  • Influenza, Human* / complications
  • Influenza, Human* / drug therapy
  • Influenza, Human* / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Infarction* / complications
  • Myocardial Infarction* / drug therapy
  • Myocardial Infarction* / epidemiology


  • Influenza Vaccines