Long-term analysis of the RiBVD phase II trial reveals the unfavorable impact of TP53 mutations and hypoalbuminemia in older adults with mantle cell lymphoma; for the LYSA group

Haematologica. 2023 Nov 30. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2023.283724. Online ahead of print.


Between 2011 and 2012, a phase II trial evaluated the use of the RiBVD (Rituximab, Bendamustine, Velcade and Dexamethasone) combination as first-line treatment for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients aged over 65. We have now re-examined the classic prognostic factors, adding an assessment of the mutation status of TP53. Patients (n=74; median age 73 years) were treated with the RiBVD combination. Median Progression Free Survival (mPFS) was 79 months, and median Overall Survival (mOS) was 111 months. TP53 mutation status was available for 54/74 (73%) patients. TP53 mutations (TP53mt) were found in 12 patients (22.2%). In multivariate analysis, among the prognostic factors (PF) evaluated, only TP53mt and an albumin level below 3.6 g/dL (Alb<3.6 g/dL) were independently associated with a shorter mPFS. A hazard ratio (HR) of 3.16 (1.3-9.9, p=0.014) was obtained for TP53mt versus TP53wt, and 3.6 (1.39-9.5, p=0.009) for Alb<3.6 g/dL vs Alb≥3.6 g/dL. In terms of mOS, multivariate analysis identified three PFs: TP53mt (HR: 5.9 (1.77-19.5, p=0.004)), Alb<3.6 g/dL (HR: 5.2 (1.46-18.5, p=0.011)), and ECOG=2 (HR: 3.7 (1.31-10.6, p=0.014)). Finally, a score combining TP53 status and albumin level distinguished three populations based on the presence of 0, 1, or 2 PF. For these populations, mPFS was 7.8 years, 28 months and 2.5 months, respectively. Our prolonged follow-up confirmed the efficacy of the RiBVD regimen, comparing it favorably to other regimens. TP53mt and hypoalbuminemia emerge as strong PF that can be easily integrated into prognostic scores for older adult patients with MCL.