Cardiac Abnormalities in Hispanic/Latina Women With Prior De Novo Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy

Hypertension. 2024 Feb;81(2):255-263. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.123.21248. Epub 2023 Dec 4.


Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are associated with long-term maternal risks for cardiovascular disease for reasons that remain incompletely understood.

Methods: The HCHS/SOL (Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos), a multi-center community-based cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults recruited 2008 to 2011, was used to evaluate the associations of history of de novo HDP (gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia) with echocardiographic measures of cardiac structure and function in Hispanic/Latina women with ≥1 prior pregnancy and the proportion of association mediated by current hypertension (>140/90 mm Hg or antihypertensive therapy).

Results.: The study cohort included 5168 Hispanic/Latina women with an average age (SD) of 58.7 (9.7) years at time of echocardiogram. Prior de novo HDP was reported by 724 (14%) of the women studied and was associated with lower left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction -0.66 (95% confidence interval [CI], -1.21 to -0.11), higher LV relative wall thickness 0.09 (95% CI, 0-0.18), and 1.39 (95% CI, 1.02-1.89) higher risk of abnormal LV geometry after adjusting for blood pressure and other confounders. The proportion of the association mediated by current hypertension between HDP and LV ejection fraction was 0.09 (95% CI, 0.03-0.45), LV relative wall thickness was 0.28 (95% CI, 0.16-0.51), abnormal LV geometry was 0.14 (95% CI, 0.12-0.48), concentric left ventricular hypertrophy was 0.31 (95% CI, 0.19-0.86), and abnormal LV diastolic dysfunction was 0.58 (95% CI, 0.26-0.79).

Conclusions.: In a large cohort of Hispanic/Latina women those with history of de novo HDP had detectable and measurable subclinical alterations in cardiac structure and both systolic and diastolic dysfunction that were only partially mediated by current hypertension.

Keywords: Hispanic; blood pressure; cardiovascular disease; cardiovascular pregnancy complication; hypertension; ventricular cardiac remodeling.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced* / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Pre-Eclampsia*
  • Pregnancy
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left* / diagnostic imaging
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left* / epidemiology