Caffeine and memory performance on the AVLT

J Clin Psychol. 1986 Nov;42(6):860-3. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(198611)42:6<860::aid-jclp2270420604>;2-t.


The Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) is a memory test that assesses recall of lists of words on single and multiple trials. College students (N = 33) were given the AVLT, either with or without a prior administration of 100 mg caffeine. Caffeine subjects recalled fewer words than did control subjects, both after single presentations of lists and across repeated trials. Caffeine subjects showed a greater deficit in recalling the middle-to-end portions of the lists. Personality scores on the Maudsley Personality Inventory showed a positive correlation of recall on a pretest with Neuroticism, and no correlation with Introversion.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Caffeine / pharmacology*
  • Depression, Chemical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory / drug effects*
  • Memory, Short-Term / drug effects
  • Personality
  • Verbal Behavior / drug effects


  • Caffeine