Evaluation of concordance between loop electrosurgical excisional procedure and cervical colposcopic biopsy results

J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2024 Mar 6;25(1):13-17. doi: 10.4274/jtgga.galenos.2023.2023-1-11. Epub 2023 Dec 6.


Objective: To evaluate the results of loop electrosurgical excisional procedures (LEEP) with colposcopic biopsy results of patients who presented to our hospital for vaginal smears.

Material and methods: The LEEP reports of patients who presented to our gynecology clinic between January 2015 and December 2020 were retrospectively evaluated. The data were obtained from electronic patient records and the department of medical pathology archives.

Results: A total of 579 patients were evaluated with a mean age of 38.05±6.17 years. Colposcopy-guided biopsy was not taken from 102 patients. The results of the remaining 477 (82.4%) patients were: no dysplasia (n=12; 2.1%), Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia-I (CIN-I) (n=99; 17.1%), CIN-II (n=111; 19.2%), CIN-III (n=248; 42.8%), and cancer (n=7; 1.2%). Completed excision was performed in 87.0% of the patients using LEEP, the lesion was positive at the surgical margins in 10.9%, and the lesion could not be completely excised in 2.1%. The complication rate after LEEP was 3.1% including pelvic pain (n=5; 0.9%) and bleeding (n=13; 2%). The histopathologic results of LEEP were: benign (n=50; 8.6%), CIN-I (n=110; 19.0%), CIN-II (n=89; 15.4%), CIN-III (n=280; 48.4%), cancer (n=7; 1.2%), and metaplasia (n=37; 6.4%). The concordance between colposcopic biopsy and LEEP results was 85.9% for CIN-I, 71.2% for CIN-II, 98.4% for CIN-III, and 85.7% for cancer diagnoses.

Conclusion: LEEP is a simple minimally invasive method used in the treatment of CIN, with low persistence, recurrence, and complication rates and increased human papillomavirus clearance in most patients. Our results support the consistency of cervical colposcopic biopsy and LEEP results.

Keywords: Biopsy; LEEP; cervical intraepithelial lesion; colposcopy.