A phase II study of atezolizumab with bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel for patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC after TKI treatment failure (NEJ043 study)

Eur J Cancer. 2024 Jan:197:113469. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2023.113469. Epub 2023 Dec 2.


Introduction: Treatment options for patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment failure are limited. An exploratory analysis of 26 patients in the IMpower150 study indicated that treatment with atezolizumab, bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel (ABCP) was effective in patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC. This phase II study was conducted to assess the efficacy of ABCP in EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients after TKI treatment.

Methods: Patients with non-squamous NSCLC harboring sensitizing EGFR mutations were enrolled. ABCP therapy was administered every 3 weeks for four cycles, followed by maintenance therapy with atezolizumab and bevacizumab. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) according to extramural review (ER). Key secondary endpoints and preplanned analysis included overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR), and differences in the efficacy of ABCP according to prior EGFR-TKI administration, liver metastases, and brain metastases.

Results: Sixty patients from 26 centers were enrolled. Median PFS was 7.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.7-8.2). The median OS was 23.1 months (95% CI: 13.1-not reached), and the ORR was 55.9%. PFS was significantly shorter in patients who had received osimertinib as a first-line treatment (7.2 months vs. 7.4 months, hazard ratio [HR] 1.932, p = 0.023), those with brain metastases (5.7 months vs. 8 months, HR 1.86, p = 0.032), or those with liver metastases (5.4 months vs. 7.9 months, HR 2.779, p = 0.003).

Conclusions: Although this study did not meet the primary endpoint, ABCP showed clinically meaningful efficacy in EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients.

Keywords: Atezolizumab; Bevacizumab; EGFR; EGFR-TKI; Non-small cell lung cancer.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Bevacizumab
  • Brain Neoplasms* / etiology
  • Carboplatin
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung* / drug therapy
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung* / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung* / pathology
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms* / etiology
  • Lung Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Lung Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Lung Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Mutation
  • Paclitaxel
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / adverse effects
  • Treatment Failure


  • Carboplatin
  • Bevacizumab
  • Paclitaxel
  • atezolizumab
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • EGFR protein, human