Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by an accumulation of activated histiocytes within the affected tissues. It is a heterogeneous disease that includes the classical (nodal) and extra-nodal variants. The cutaneous form of the disease without the characteristic lymphadenopathy is rare and is often misdiagnosed as other dermatologic diseases. Misdiagnosis as lymphoproliferative and infectious diseases such as lymphoma and tuberculosis have been reported in the literature. Herein, we report a case of facial cutaneous RDD with successful surgical treatment. In addition, we provide dermoscopic findings and literature review as dermoscopy can be a useful adjuvant tool in the diagnosis of cutaneous RDD.
Keywords: Dermoscopy; Histiocytes; Histiocytosis; Rosai-Dorfman disease; Surgery; Treatment.
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