Evaluating Pelvis Response During Simulated Underbody Blast Loading

J Biomech Eng. 2024 Feb 1;146(2):024501. doi: 10.1115/1.4064214.

Abstract

In recent conflicts, blast injury from landmines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) has been the main mechanism of wounding and death. When a landmine or IED detonates under a vehicle (an under-body blast), the seat acceleration rapidly transmits a high load to the pelvis of the occupants, resulting in torso and pelvic injury. Pelvic fractures have high mortality rates, yet their injury mechanism has been poorly researched. Three (3) fresh-frozen male pelvic specimens were tested under axial impact loading. The pelvis was impacted mounted upside down by dropping a 12 kg mass at target impact velocities ranging from 1 to 8.6 m/s with time to peak velocity ranging from 3.8 to 5.8 ms. Resulting fractures were broadly categorized as involving a bilateral pubis rami fracture, a bilateral ischium fracture, and sacroiliac joint disruption. The study provides insights into the type and severity of pelvic injury that may occur over a range of under-body blast (UBB)-relevant loading profiles.

Keywords: blast; explosives; impact; pelvic injury.

MeSH terms

  • Blast Injuries*
  • Explosions
  • Fractures, Bone*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pelvis
  • Sacroiliac Joint
  • Weight-Bearing

Grants and funding