The Social, Mental, and Physical Health Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on People With HIV: Protocol of an Observational International Multisite Study

J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2024 Jan-Feb;35(1):60-74. doi: 10.1097/JNC.0000000000000444. Epub 2023 Dec 14.


As the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the world, immunocompromised individuals such as people with HIV (PWH) may have faced a disproportionate impact on their health and HIV outcomes, both from COVID-19 and from the strategies enacted to contain it. Based on the SPIRIT guidelines, we describe the protocol for an international multisite observational study being conducted by The International Nursing Network for HIV Research, with the Coordinating Center based at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Nursing. Site Principal Investigators implement a standardized protocol to recruit PWH to complete the study online or in-person. Questions address demographics; HIV continuum of care indicators; mental and social health; COVID-19 and vaccination knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and fears; and overall outcomes. Results of this study will contribute to knowledge that can inform responses to future public health crises to minimize their impacts on vulnerable populations such as PWH.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Observational Studies as Topic
  • Pandemics
  • San Francisco
  • Vulnerable Populations