Corrective Open-wedge Valgus Proximal Humerus Lengthening Osteotomy. Technique and Case Series

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg. 2024 Jun 1;28(2):74-79. doi: 10.1097/BTH.0000000000000466.

Abstract

Symptomatic varus malunion after proximal humeral fractures is associated with weakness and painful limitation of shoulder range of motion. When there is conformity of the articular surface and no avascular necrosis, a head-preserving procedure is best indicated. Arthroscopic arthrolysis, subacromial decompression, and tuberoplasty have been described for the treatment of mild deformity. In cases with more severe deformity, corrective extracapsular lateral closing wedge valgus osteotomy has been reported as a reliable treatment option, in terms of both pain relief and improved function. While this procedure adequately restores rotator cuff tensioning, it is associated with a shortening of the lever arm to the deltoid muscle, secondary to a loss of humeral length. We describe our technique and results with a vascular-sparing, medial open-wedge osteotomy, using a structural allograft and lateral locking plate. In our opinion, this procedure is safe and effective, with the potential to improve functional outcomes in young and active patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Plates
  • Female
  • Fractures, Malunited / surgery
  • Humans
  • Humerus / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteotomy* / methods
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Shoulder Fractures / surgery