Into the fold: advances in understanding aPKC membrane dynamics

Biochem J. 2023 Dec 20;480(24):2037-2044. doi: 10.1042/BCJ20230390.


Atypical protein kinase Cs (aPKCs) are part of the PKC family of protein kinases and are atypical because they don't respond to the canonical PKC activators diacylglycerol (DAG) and Ca2+. They are central to the organization of polarized cells and are deregulated in several cancers. aPKC recruitment to the plasma membrane compartment is crucial to their encounter with substrates associated with polarizing functions. However, in contrast with other PKCs, the mechanism by which atypical PKCs are recruited there has remained elusive until recently. Here, we bring aPKC into the fold, summarizing recent reports on the direct recruitment of aPKC to membranes, providing insight into seemingly discrepant findings and integrating them with existing literature.

Keywords: apkc; atypical pkc; cell polarity; phospholipids; protein kinase c.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Protein Kinase C* / metabolism


  • Protein Kinase C