Nucleic acid sequence contributes to remodeler-mediated targeting of histone H2A.Z

bioRxiv [Preprint]. 2023 Dec 6:2023.12.06.570360. doi: 10.1101/2023.12.06.570360.


The variant histone H2A.Z is inserted into nucleosomes immediately downstream of promoters and is important for transcription. The site-specific deposition of H2A.Z is catalyzed by SWR, a conserved chromatin remodeler with affinity for promoter-proximal nucleosome depleted regions (NDRs) and histone acetylation. By comparing the genomic distribution of H2A.Z in wild-type and SWR-deficient cells, we found that SWR is also responsible for depositing H2A.Z at thousands of non-canonical sites not directly linked to NDRs or histone acetylation. To understand the targeting mechanism of H2A.Z, we presented SWR with a library of nucleosomes isolated from yeast and characterized those preferred by SWR. We found that SWR prefers nucleosomes associated with intergenic over coding regions, especially when polyadenine tracks are present. Insertion of polyadenine sequences into recombinant nucleosomes near the H2A-H2B binding site stimulated the H2A.Z insertion activity of SWR. Therefore, the genome is encoded with information contributing to remodeler-mediated targeting of H2A.Z.

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  • Preprint