Recommendations and quality criteria to improve the early diagnosis of primary biliary cholangitis

Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 Dec 16:S0210-5705(23)00492-2. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2023.12.002. Online ahead of print.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Objective: The study aimed to establish recommendations and quality criteria to enhance the healthcare process of PBC.

Patients and methods: It was conducted using qualitative techniques, preceded by a literature review. A consensus conference involving five specialists in the field was held, followed by a Delphi process developed in two waves, in which 30 specialist physicians in family and community medicine, digestive system and internal medicine were invited to participate.

Results: Seven recommendations and 15 sets of quality criteria, indicators and standards were obtained. Those with the highest consensus were «Know the impact on the patient's quality of life. Consider their point of view and agree on recommendations and care» and «Evaluate possible fibrosis at the time of diagnosis and during PBC follow-up, assessing the evolution of factors associated with poor disease prognosis: noninvasive fibrosis (elastography > 2.1 kPa/year), GGT, ALP and bilirubin annually», respectively.

Conclusions: The implementation of the consensus recommendations and criteria would provide better patient care. The need for multidisciplinary follow-up and an increased role of primary care is emphasized.

Keywords: Colangitis biliar primaria; Criterios de calidad; Diagnóstico precoz; Early diagnosis; Indicadores; Indicators; Primary biliary cholangitis; Quality criteria.