Cryo-EM structures of PP2A:B55-FAM122A and PP2A:B55-ARPP19

Nature. 2024 Jan;625(7993):195-203. doi: 10.1038/s41586-023-06870-3. Epub 2023 Dec 20.


Progression through the cell cycle is controlled by regulated and abrupt changes in phosphorylation1. Mitotic entry is initiated by increased phosphorylation of mitotic proteins, a process driven by kinases2, whereas mitotic exit is achieved by counteracting dephosphorylation, a process driven by phosphatases, especially PP2A:B553. Although the role of kinases in mitotic entry is well established, recent data have shown that mitosis is only successfully initiated when the counterbalancing phosphatases are also inhibited4. Inhibition of PP2A:B55 is achieved by the intrinsically disordered proteins ARPP195,6 and FAM122A7. Despite their critical roles in mitosis, the mechanisms by which they achieve PP2A:B55 inhibition is unknown. Here, we report the single-particle cryo-electron microscopy structures of PP2A:B55 bound to phosphorylated ARPP19 and FAM122A. Consistent with our complementary NMR spectroscopy studies, both intrinsically disordered proteins bind PP2A:B55, but do so in highly distinct manners, leveraging multiple distinct binding sites on B55. Our extensive structural, biophysical and biochemical data explain how substrates and inhibitors are recruited to PP2A:B55 and provide a molecular roadmap for the development of therapeutic interventions for PP2A:B55-related diseases.

MeSH terms

  • Cryoelectron Microscopy*
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins* / chemistry
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins* / metabolism
  • Intrinsically Disordered Proteins* / chemistry
  • Intrinsically Disordered Proteins* / metabolism
  • Intrinsically Disordered Proteins* / ultrastructure
  • Mitosis
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular
  • Phosphoproteins* / chemistry
  • Phosphoproteins* / metabolism
  • Phosphoproteins* / ultrastructure
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Phosphatase 2* / chemistry
  • Protein Phosphatase 2* / metabolism
  • Protein Phosphatase 2* / ultrastructure


  • cyclic AMP-regulated phosphoprotein 19
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Intrinsically Disordered Proteins
  • PABIR1 protein, human
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Protein Phosphatase 2