Weight, height, sitting height, and 24 other anthropometric variables (5 body circumferences, skinfolds at 7 sites, 4 head dimensions, and 8 hand and foot measurements) were obtained on 38 Prader-Labhart-Willi syndrome (PLWS) individuals (21 with apparent chromosome 15 deletions and 17 nondeletion cases) with an age range of 2 weeks to 38 1/2 years. More than half of these individuals were measured on more than one occasion. The measurements confirmed the presence of short stature, small hands and feet, obesity, and narrow bi-frontal diameter in PLWS. No differences were found for the anthropometric measurements between the 2 chromosome subgroups. Inverse correlations were produced with linear measurements (eg, height, hand and foot lengths) and age, which indicated a deceleration of linear growth relative to normal individuals with increasing age.