Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Its Impact on Adipogenesis: Molecular Mechanisms Implicated

Nutrients. 2023 Dec 12;15(24):5082. doi: 10.3390/nu15245082.


Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a pivotal role in adipogenesis, which encompasses the differentiation of adipocytes and lipid accumulation. Sustained ER stress has the potential to disrupt the signaling of the unfolded protein response (UPR), thereby influencing adipogenesis. This comprehensive review illuminates the molecular mechanisms that underpin the interplay between ER stress and adipogenesis. We delve into the dysregulation of UPR pathways, namely, IRE1-XBP1, PERK and ATF6 in relation to adipocyte differentiation, lipid metabolism, and tissue inflammation. Moreover, we scrutinize how ER stress impacts key adipogenic transcription factors such as proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) along with their interaction with other signaling pathways. The cellular ramifications include alterations in lipid metabolism, dysregulation of adipokines, and aged adipose tissue inflammation. We also discuss the potential roles the molecular chaperones cyclophilin A and cyclophilin B play in adipogenesis. By shedding light on the intricate relationship between ER stress and adipogenesis, this review paves the way for devising innovative therapeutic interventions.

Keywords: adipogenesis; endoplasmic reticulum stress; metabolic disorders; obesity; unfolded protein response.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipogenesis*
  • Aged
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Signal Transduction
  • Unfolded Protein Response