Pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin. 1st communication: absorption, concentrations in plasma, metabolism and excretion after a single administration of [14C]ciprofloxacin in albino rats and rhesus monkeys

Arzneimittelforschung. 1986 Oct;36(10):1496-502.


The absorption, disposition, metabolism and excretion of 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-[U-14C]piperazinyl)-3- quinoline carboxylic acid (ciprofloxacin, Bay o 9867; designated tradename: Ciprobay) were studied following a single intraduodenal (rat), oral and intravenous (rat, monkey) administration, respectively, in the dose range 5 to 30 mg/kg body weight. Ciprofloxacin was absorbed partially (30 to 40%) in both species. Peak plasma concentrations of radioactivity were measured approximately 1 h (rat) or 2 h (monkey) after oral dosing. Terminal half-lives ranging from 26 to 44 h were determined for the elimination of radioactivity from the plasma (observation time up to 48 h after dosing). Nearly identical concentrations of the unchanged drug and total radioactivity were found during the first 7 or 8 h for the monkey after intravenous injection and for the rat also after oral administration, respectively. After reaching maximum concentration of 0.25 microgram/ml after administration of 5 mg/kg to rats and 0.88 microgram/ml after dosing with 30 mg/kg to a rhesus monkey, the unchanged drug was eliminated from plasma corresponding to half-lives ranging from 3 h (rat) and 4.4 h (monkey). The radioactivity was rapidly and completely excreted in both species. After intravenous administration about 51% (rat) and 61% (monkey), respectively, was excreted via the kidney. After oral dosing renal excretion amounted to 6-14% (rat) and 30% (monkey), respectively. Maximum residues in the body (exclusive gastrointestinal tract) of 1% of dose occurred in both species. In urine and feces of rats predominantly the unchanged drug and a conjugate were detected.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Body Burden
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Ciprofloxacin / blood
  • Ciprofloxacin / metabolism*
  • Ciprofloxacin / urine
  • Duodenum
  • Feces / analysis
  • Female
  • Injections
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Kinetics
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Milk / drug effects
  • Pregnancy
  • Protein Binding
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Ciprofloxacin