Exercise-induced crosstalk between immune cells and adipocytes in humans: Role of oncostatin-M

Cell Rep Med. 2024 Jan 16;5(1):101348. doi: 10.1016/j.xcrm.2023.101348. Epub 2023 Dec 26.


The discovery of exercise-regulated circulatory factors has fueled interest in organ crosstalk, especially between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue, and the role in mediating beneficial effects of exercise. We studied the adipose tissue transcriptome in men and women with normal glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes following an acute exercise bout, revealing substantial exercise- and time-dependent changes, with sustained increase in inflammatory genes in type 2 diabetes. We identify oncostatin-M as one of the most upregulated adipose-tissue-secreted factors post-exercise. In cultured human adipocytes, oncostatin-M enhances MAPK signaling and regulates lipolysis. Oncostatin-M expression arises predominantly from adipose tissue immune cell fractions, while the corresponding receptors are expressed in adipocytes. Oncostatin-M expression increases in cultured human Thp1 macrophages following exercise-like stimuli. Our results suggest that immune cells, via secreted factors such as oncostatin-M, mediate a crosstalk between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue during exercise to regulate adipocyte metabolism and adaptation.

Keywords: adipose tissue; crosstalk; exercise; human; immune cells; inflammation; oncostatin-M; skeletal muscle; type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipocytes / metabolism
  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipolysis
  • Male


  • OSM protein, human