To determine which cellular processes are dependent on histones, we blocked histone H2B mRNA synthesis in asynchronously growing yeast after fusing the H2B gene to a repressible GAL10 promoter. Chromosomal segregation, replication, and transcription were then examined. We found that the cells arrested in mitosis, with a cell division cycle (cdc) phenotype. Chromatin structure and nuclear segregation were disrupted. A full round of DNA replication took place after the repression of histone H2B mRNA synthesis. Active transcription and the induction of new transcripts also continued in the arrested cells.